Installing Windows 2000

Installing Windows 2000

Installing Windows 2000 (W2K for short) is a very easy, yet sometimes lengthy process. You can install it in two ways: as a fresh installation or as an upgrade.

On insertion of the W2K CD, a dialog box will pop up saying the CD contains a newer version of Windows and if you want to upgrade. Let’s discuss this option first.

1. Upgrade installation

If you answer “yes” to the question whether you want to upgrade, you’ll see a box with the license agreement. Just agree to it (who reads this stuff anyway?) and press “next”.

The setup program will then check for any incompatibilities on your current system like software not working after the upgrade, certain services that aren’t needed anymore and need to be deleted first and the like. There are two categories of these checks: warnings and errors. A warning doesn’t preclude an upgrade, an error does. If you press the “details” button in the resulting dialog box you’ll get a short description of what is wrong with the application in question and how to solve it. After you’ve solved all inconsistencies you can start the upgrade procedure again and W2K will display another dialog box, asking you if you wish to convert your current file system to the new one (NTFS 5.0).

Select your choice (my recommendation is to convert to the new system) and press “Next”.

And that’s all there is to it! W2K will now begin copying files, reboot the computer, detect your hardware, install all necessary stuff and reboot a final time. Depending on your hardware configuration, the upgrade can take between 30 minutes to two hours.

Congratulations! You’re now a proud user of the best OS Microsoft has ever produced so far!

2. New installation

If you answer “no” to the upgrade question on insertion of the W2K CD and start “winnt32.exe” from the I386 folder on the CD, you’ll be able to do a fresh installation on another partition and dual boot between various operating systems like Windows 98 and Windows 2000 for example.

The procedure for a new installation is slightly different from that of an upgrade, but remains as answering a few easy questions. When pressing “Next”, you can choose from various “special” options to begin with:

The language option determines the keyboard layout you’ll be using with W2K and the other languages you’ll want to be working with. W2K supports about 60 different languages out of the box.

The advanced options screen lets you decide what to do when W2K is copying files like copy all the setup files to a hard drive on your network and/or choosing the partition in which to install W2K.

Finally, the accessibility options let you install a screen magnifier and/or a screen reader for those of you who are visually impaired.

After you have chosen your options, W2K will ask you about converting your present file system to the new one (NTFS 5.0). I recommend you do, since you won’t need DOS anymore to access your damaged partitions if this need arises.

After pressing “Next”, W2K will start copying the necessary files and then reboot your system. After that, installation proceeds in the familiar blue-screen character mode for a while.

If you have chosen to select an installation partition, you’ll be able to choose it here. Make sure it is at least 1024 MB as W2K needs quite a lot of room to play around with. If the system asks you to format it, use NTFS.

Now W2K will proceed with a check of the boot drive and the drive you chose to install it on. If it finds anything wrong, it will reboot the system and start the installation procedure all over again. If no errors are found, W2K will create the necessary installation folders, copy files and reboot the system once again. After that, the GUI part of the installation starts.

After filling out your name, organization, computer name and password, W2K will start detecting your hardware. This can be quite a lengthy process with W2K appearing to hang sometimes. Don’t worry, however, this is perfectly normal behaviour. Just be patient until W2K switches to the dialog box where you can select your regional settings for you (the administrator) and the other users (if any) on the computer. Finally, select the time zone you’re in.

Next up are the network settings (if any). By default, TCP/IP is installed together with the client for MS networks. If you want, you can add other network components here so you won’t have to after installation. Configure them to your liking and press “next” to choose from a host of server components (Server versions only).

You’ll notice that many of these components are the same as those of the NT 4.0 Option Pack, only that these components have been updated to their newest versions. Here’s a brief description of each category:

  • Accessories and utilities: the accessibility wizard, communications components, games and multimedia choices. These are the choices you got when choosing to do a custom install of NT 4.0.
  • Certificate services: all the necessary libraries to create certificates (also web-enabled) for security purposes.
  • Indexing service: fast full-text searching of files. And by fast I mean fast. This thing searches through a 10GB drive in seconds!
  • Internet Information Services: better known as IIS. W2K Server includes IIS 5.0, a suite of services to connect your company to the Net. Virtually all Net protocols are supported and the FTP server even supports resume!
  • Management and monitoring tools: tools for monitoring and increasing network performance, like the SNTP protocol and the connection manager administration kit.
  • Message Queuing services: provides reliable network connection services.
  • Networking services: DHCP, WINS, DNS and other networking services to make your life easier and more configurable. Also includes file and print services for Macintosh and Unix.
  • Remote installation services: the wet dream of a system administrator! Install W2K Professional on a remote machine from your lazy chair!
  • Remote Storage: all the required libraries to enable you to backup to tape.
  • Script debugger: to debug activex / VBscript applications (client / server)
  • Terminal Server: the necessary stuff to enable users to access W2K servers from a “dumb” terminal.

If you have the Advanced server / Datacenter server edition, you’ll also get options for clustering services and load balancing support.

After you’ve made your selections, sit back, relax and let W2K do its work. Depending on the speed of your computer installation will take anywhere from 30 minutes to two hours. The computer will be rebooted when the installation has finished.

Congratulations! You’re now a proud user of the best OS Microsoft has ever produced so far!

 

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Win 2000 Tricks

Win 2000 Tricks

 

Windows 2000 wouldn’t be a Microsoft program if the developers hadn’t
included a bunch of handy tricks into the code. Here they are:

  • if you hold down the CTRL key you can select multiple taskbar items. If
    you have several applications or windows that you wish to close in one-step,
    after CTRL-clicking you can right-click the taskbar item and select close. Tip
    provided by Matthew Marsch – Check out his site and new project related to games and gamehacking – borderlands the pre sequel trainer You will enjoy it if you are a gamer and love windows gaming
  • While MS may tell you that an upgrade from W2K Server to W2K Advanced
    Server is not supported, in fact it is. Just choose to install a new copy
    and select both the “copy install files to hard drive” and
    “let me choose the partition” under the advanced options. When
    booting in character mode, W2K will search for previous versions of NT and
    present you with a so-called damaged copy of W2K. Press “R” for
    repair and your system will be upgraded to Advanced Server.
  • If Ctrl-Alt-Del and clicking ‘Lock Workstation’ is just too much, try creating a shortcut on your desktop and point it to
    rundll32.exe user32.dll,LockWorkStation. From there, you can even drag it to your start button menu.
  • To find other useful things, do a dumpbin /exports user32.dll
  • One of the last reasons to install a FAT partition on an NT workstation or
    (shudder) server is to get at thing when the OS goes south. No more. Pull out your CD or your install folder and run
    WINNT32 /cmdconsole. The next time you boot, you will notice a new selection at the boot loader. It is
    the Repair Console. If you haven’t already, try it. It has to be one of the best features of Windows 2000.

More tips? Send them in!

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Windows 2000

According to the MS marketing department, Windows 2000 “will knock your
socks off”. As usual with Microsoft, such statements are to be taken with
more than one grain of salt, especially with new products. This time however,
the statement is more than true. Browse through the various items below to
learn why:

New features

Microsoft has put quite a lot of new and enhanced features into Windows 2000.
For example, the GUI has been significally enhanced although it may look the
same at first glance. Things like Windows Update, a revised control panel, high-colour
icons, wizards around every corner, PnP and many other gadgets make life a lot
easier. New networking options, active directory, IIS 5.0, a host of
administrative tools and the MMC are just a few things to make system
administrators very happy. And W2K also makes the gamers among us joyful by
integrating DirectX 7.0 and support for 3D-cards like Voodoo 2 & 3
(installing Voodoo2 support needs an extra *.inf file, get it
Needless to say W2K also supports the latest hardware technologies like WDM,
PnP, FireWire and USB.<

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Hello world!

Welcome to the revamped VirtualPortal, where we try to help you make sense of where the Windows operating system is going.


If you are a first time visitor, you can have a look at our faq. This site has no commercial relationship with Microsoft. Our perspective tends to be that of a system administrator in a fair sized enterprise, enlivened from time to time by a streak of fanatic gamer. Our objective is to help users assess where Windows is going, pass on information on beta versions and discuss the issues which will affect use and deployment (including undocumented bugs, fixes and workarounds). We also follow betas of a number of other products which play a major role in many businesses.

From time to time we prepare background briefs which are designed to help technical people explain to people who wear suits what the changes taking place at the operating system level mean in business and commercial terms.

If you are a regular visitor, we’ve tightened up focus, allowed for more interactivity and beefed up the VirtualPortal ‘zine. The Easter Eggs are where they usually are.

Otherwise the site is organised as follows:

A section on Windows 2000

A section on Windows Millennium

Beta news on major, widely-deployed programs (including some downloads)

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Personal and contact information

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